Antibiotics Compounds that kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Read more about antibiotics.

Helicobacter pylori Very commonly occurring bacteria in many parts of the world. Resides in the stomach and may lead to peptic ulcers and gastric cancer.

Clinical research Research conducted in humans.

Lactobacillus Lactic acid bacteria. A collective name for a group of microorganisms that occur naturally in various foods such as yogurt, olives and pickled vegetables. In the past, we ingested a great deal of lactic acid bacteria, but today our diet lacks these beneficial bacteria. Some lactic acid bacteria are also present in the human commensal flora.

Lactic acid bacteria have different properties and may thus provide different health effects when consumed. There are a large number of lactic acid bacteria, for example Lactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus acidophilus.

Lactobacillus reuteri (L. reuteri) Species within the genus Lactobacillus. The vast majority of BioGaia’s patented probiotics consist of different strains of Lactobacillus reuteri, for example, Lactobacillus reuteri Protectis.

Lactobacillus reuteri Gastrus Combination of two strains of Lactobacillus reuteri, used in BioGaia’s digestive health product for use in connection with Helicobacter pylori infection.

Lactobacillus reuteri Prodentis Combination of two strains of Lactobacillus reuteri, used in BioGaia’s oral health products.

Lactobacillus reuteri Protectis Strain of Lactobacillus reuteri, used in BioGaia’s digestive health products for children and adults.

Partner The companies distributing and selling BioGaia’s products.

Probiotics The definition of probiotics is live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host.

Resistant bacteria Bacteria that have become resistant to one or several antibiotics.