The microbiota in infants and children

The newborn infant establishes its gut bacteria and intestinal microbiota from birth and during the first 2.5 years of life. Directly after birth the newborn baby is almost sterile but very soon bacteria start to colonize every part of the body – the skin, the mouth and most importantly the gastrointestinal tract. The number and diversity of bacteria continue to increase until the age of 2.5. At that time the microbiota resembles the composition of an adult and then, more or less, remains the same throughout life.

The interest in gut bacteria and the infant’s microbiota has exploded in recent years and research has shown that the infant microbiota plays an essential role in human health. A diverse microbiota may help the infant to optimize the development of the gastrointestinal tract and optimal health in later life.

The microbiota contributes to:

  • Enforced gut barrier
  • Improved digestion
  • Improved gut motility
  • Development of the immune system



As many parents know, colic is far more than just crying. The clinical term refers to a condition of inconsolable crying, fussing and irritability in an otherwise healthy baby during the first three months of life. Read more

Functional abdominal pain

The exact cause of Functional abdominal pain is still unclear, but it seems to be an interplay between genetic, physiological and psychological factors. Moreover, our brain and gut are connected by an extensive network of neurons and a highway of chemicals and hormones that constantly communicate. Read more

Diarrhea in children

Did you know that diarrhea is a side effect of antibiotic therapy? Apart from diarrhea symptoms include nausea, vomiting, bloating and stomach pain. Read more

Functional constipation in children

The problems often start when changing from breast milk to formula or with the introduction of solid food. Other frequent onset periods are during toilet training, between two and four years of age, or when the child starts school. Read more


Regurgitation, also known as spitting up, is very common in infants and often occurs after a feeding. Read more